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    2015年高考英语真题短文改错:高考英语短文改错真题

    时间:2019-09-13 08:19:43来源:佩佩美文网 本文已影响 佩佩美文网手机站
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    专题二十一 短文改错

    1.【2015·陕西】短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌系的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线(),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;

    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    My soccer coach retired in last week. I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party. My mum makes the better biscuits in the world, so I decide to ask her for help. Mum taught me some basic step of baking. I insisted on doing most of the baking myself. I thought the biscuits were really well. My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up.

    At a party, my coach, with a biscuit in his mouth, asked surprisingly who made them and joked, ―I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits.‖

    My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter!

    【答案】

    76.去掉in

    77.anything 改为something

    78.better改成best

    79.decide改成decided

    80.step 改为steps

    81.well改成good

    82.after改成when/while

    83.a改为the

    84.just后加to

    85.enjoy改为enjoying

    【考点定位】考查短文改错

    【名师点睛】这篇短文改错是记叙文,短文的内容和学生的日常生活有关。错误之处的设置都是平常学生容易错的地方。考查点比较全面,各种词性都考查到了,也涉及到一些语法知识的考查,如:非谓语动词,时态等。

    2.【2015·四川】短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,共15分)

    下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(ʌ),并在其下面写出该加的词;

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:

    1. 每句不超过两个错误;

    2. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一次;

    3. 3.只允许修改10出,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    Hi, Janice,

    It"s been a month since I came to this new school and I really want share with you some of the

    problems I have been experiencing.

    As I tell you last time, I made three new friend here. We hang out together during lunch and

    after school. We"ve been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars. It"s been three Saturdays

    now and it really costs me many. And I started to see this as a time—wasting activity! In fact ,I don’t like to go anymore, so I’m afraid I’ll lose their friendship. How do you think I should do? If you are me ,would you talk to him?

    Please help with me and give me some advice.

    Grace

    【答案】

    61.加上to

    62. tell--told

    63. friend--friends

    64.sing--singing

    65. many--much

    66.so--but

    67. How--What

    68. are--were

    69. him--them

    70. 去掉with

    【解析】

    试题分析:文章主要通过一封求助信,写出了写信人的困扰。作者交了三个新朋友,经常一起去卡拉OK唱歌,但其实作者并不喜欢这样,他想知道自己该怎么做才不会失去这段友谊。

    61.加上to 考查动词want的用法,want用不定式担当状语,故加上to。句意为:我真地很想和你分享一下我经历的问题。

    62. tell—told 考查时态。根据时间状语last time可知,此句需要用一般过去时,故把tell改成told。句意为正如我上次告诉你的那样。

    63. friend—friends 考查名词的复数。名词friend为可数名词,其前有three修饰,需要用复数形式,故把friend改成friends。句意为:我在这儿交了三个新朋友。

    64.sing—singing 考查动名词担当宾语。本句考查句型spend…(in)doing sth结构,故把sing改成singing。

    65. many—much 考查代词。根据句意,指的是花费很多钱,故用much而非many。句意为:那真的花费很多。

    66.so--but考查连词。上一分句意为:我不想再去;下一分句意为:我怕失去他们的友谊,两个分句之间有转折关系,故把so改成but。

    67. How—What 考查疑问词的选择。本句中do之后缺少宾语,表示事情,故用what而非how。注意首字母要大写。

    68. are—were 考查虚拟语气。根据句子可知,此处为虚拟语气,与现在事实不相符,故把are改成were。句意为:如果你是我,…。[来源:gkstk.Com]

    69. him—them 考查代词。根据上文可知,作者交了三个朋友,故用them而非him。句意为:你会和他们说吗?

    70. 去掉with 考查动词。动词help为及物动词,其后接宾语时无需加介词,故去掉with。句意为:请帮帮我,给我一些建议。

    【考点定位】考查短文纠错[来源:gkstk.Com]

    【名师点睛】本篇文章考查学生的短文纠错能力。短文纠错能力考查的范围较广,如各类词类用法和各种语法知识。本篇文章中既考查了词类用法如:61、63、65、66、69、70题,也考查了学生的语法知识如:62、64、67、68,涉及多种语法知识。要求考生要通读全文,把握大意,还要逐读各句才能找出错误所在。

    3.【2015·浙江】短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    [来源学优高考网gkstk]

    My old classroom was interesting because three side of the classroom were made from glass. I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view. On the left-hand side of the class, I could easy see the football field. In the mornings, it was full of students exercising. The view from the back of the classroom is also splendid. Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around them. Farther in the distance, I could not enjoy the view of snowy mountains. On the right side of the class was the road. I was always interested to see the drivers in hurry in the morning. The position of the classroom with its view made me felt like I was dreaming. If I was only a child when I studied in that classroom, I will never forget it.

    【答案】

    side-sides from-to sit-sitting easy-easily is-was them-it not 删除 in hurry- in a hurry felt-feel If-Although/Though

    【解析】

    试题分析:这是一篇介绍教室的文章。

    side-sides 考查名词的单复数。根据前面的three,此处应该使用复数形式 from-to考查介词搭配 make of与make from两者都常用在被动语态中,表示―某物由.构成的‖. make of 的原材料是看的到的,即平常我们说的物理现象,比如The chair is made of wood.椅子是有木头做成的。而make from的原材料是看不到的,比如Paper is made from the trees. 纸张是由木材做成的.是一种化学变化,从纸上是看不出一棵树滴.

    [来源:gkstk.Com] sit-sitting考查动名词 动词enjoy后接 ing形式。

    easy-easily考查副词 此处的副词修饰动词see is-was考查动词的谓语时态 根据前后句的谓语时态都是使用过去的,所以这里面也需要用过去时态。 them-it考查代词 此处的it指代的是学校。 删除not 考查意思是否表否定 该句的意思应该是表达肯定而不是否定所以要删除not in hurry- in a hurry考查冠词 in a hurry 意为―立刻‖,也是一个固定搭配 felt-feel 考查使役动词的法。 Make sb do sth,是使役动词的用法。 If-Although/Though考查连词的用法 ,根据句意―尽管在我读书的时候我是一个小孩,但我不会忘记它‖表达让步,而不是条件。而且翻译为如果意思上也不通。

    【考点定位】短文改错

    【名师点睛】这种题目对语法的要求很高,要求注意上下文的,以及单词的用法,以及特殊用法、固定搭配等。其实这一些错误很有可能是在写作中会出现,所以,加强写作的练习对于这一种题目,也是有帮助的。另外,这种题目也可以改编一下,成为语法填空的题目。

    4.【2015·新课标全国II】

    短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词作斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    One day , little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him drying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said,“How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried. ” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.

    【答案】

    71. parent改为parents

    72. on改为in

    73. very去掉

    74. looks改为looking

    75. where改为that 或者去掉 where

    76. begun改为began

    77. telling改为told

    78. a改为the

    79. saw后加his

    80. terrible改为

    terribly

    【考点定位】语法填空。

    【名师点睛】通过短短的100多个词,使考生能正确运用各类词和固定搭配,如动词、名词、副词、代词和连词,辨别并改正错误。总的说来,本题都是学生平时书面表达中常见的错误。多读多练习就能找出问题所在,也能对写作有帮助。

    5.【2015·新课标全国I】

    第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之问交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。

    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out . We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so ,we’ll live to regret it .

    【答案】

    76. think –thought

    77. countryside前加the

    78. or—and

    79. on—with

    80. been去掉

    81. seriously—serious

    82. airs—air

    83. much—many

    84. found—find

    85. your—our

    【解析】

    试题分析:作者是孩子的时候,梦想生活在城市。二作者现在生活在城市,却向往着家乡,因为那里更少的污染。

    76. think –thought句意:我认为生活在那儿很快乐。时态用法错误。这里用一般过去时,表示“过去认为”

    77. countryside前加the 句意:但是我想念农村的家乡。这里countryside是特指,故用定冠词the。

    78. or—and句意:那里山绿并且空气新鲜。连词用法错误。前后句为并列关系,故用连词and。

    79. on—with句意:随着工业化的发展。短语搭配错误。短语with the development of随着……的发展。

    80. been去掉句意:许多研究表明。语态用法错误。主语与动词为主动关系,这里不需要用被动语态。

    81. seriously—serious句意:全球变暖已经成为严重的问题。词性用法错误。修饰名词,前面用形容词修饰。 [来源学优高考网]

    82. airs—air 句意:我们呼吸的空气变得越来越脏。名词用法错误。名词air为不可数名词。

    83. much—many句意:许多罕见的动物已经消失。名词animal为可数名词,故用many修饰。

    84. found—find句意:我们必须找到方法来保护我们的地球。动词用法错误。情态动词must后接动词原形。

    85. your—our句意:我们必须找到方法来保护我们的地球。代词用法错误。这里应当是保护我们的环境。

    【考点定位】短文改错。

    【名师点睛】改错题整体难度适中,文章简单易懂。考点分布均匀,添、删、改比例为1:1:8。重点考查时态、名词的单复数、冠词、连词、副词以及介词的搭配等。考生解此类题型时一般应遵循保持句子原意的原则,即不能改变文章或作者所表达的意思,包括其语气和上下文的逻辑关系。只对短文中的用词错误、语法错误、行文关系错误进行改正,且要小改而不大改。

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