• 原创美文
  • 经典文章
  • 情感美文
  • 伤感文章
  • 散文
  • 美文随笔
  • 感人文章
  • 人生哲理
  • 学生美文
  • 民族文化
  • 说说大全
  • 网名大全
  • 范文大全
  • 当前位置: 佩佩美文网 > 民族文化 > 正文

    整理动词变单三规则

    时间:2021-02-27 07:30:51来源:佩佩美文网 本文已影响 佩佩美文网手机站

    PAGE

    PAGE 1

    动词变单三的规则:

    1. 一般的动词在词尾加s. work—works, readreads

    2. 以s,x,ch,sh,及辅音字母+o结尾的单词在词尾加es. Watchwatches,dodoes.

    3. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词变y为i,再加es. flyflies.

    4. 以元音字母加y结尾的动词直接在词尾加—s. playplays

    5. 不规则变化。如:havehas

    动词变现在分词(ing)的规则:

    1. 一般情况在词尾加ing. 如:workworking.

    2. 以不发音字母e结尾的,去e再加—ing.如:taketaking,makemaking.

    3. 以重读闭音节结尾且末尾只有一个辅音字母的,要双写末尾的辅音字母再加—ing.如:swimswimming, run running.

    4. 以字母ie结尾的动词,将ie变为y再加 ing。如:diedying.

    动词过去式变化规则:

    1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

    2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

    3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

    4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

    AB型

    can could shall should will would may might

    AAA型

    cost cost cost cut cut cut hit hit hit hurt hurt hurt let let let

    must must must put put put set set set shut shut shut read read read

    AAB型

    beat beat beaten

    ABA型

    become became become come came come run ran run

    ABB型

    bring brought brought buy bought bought think thought thought

    catch caught caught teach taught taught build built built

    lend lent lent send sent sent spend spent spent

    dig dug dug hang hung hung feel felt felt

    keep kept kept sleep slept slept sweep swept swept

    leave left left smell smelt smelt spill spilt spilt

    lay laid laid pay paid paid say said said

    sell sold sold tell told told sit sat sat

    spit spat spat stand stood stood understand understood understood

    learn learnt learnt mean meant meant spoil spoilt spoilt

    shine shone shone win won won have had had

    make made made

    hear heard heard

    find found found

    hold held held

    ABC型

    begin began begun

    drink drank drunk

    ring rang rung

    sing sang sung

    sink sank sunk

    swim swam swum

    blow blew blown

    fly flew flown

    grow grew grown

    know knew known

    throw threw thrown

    draw drew drawn

    show showed shown

    break broke broken

    choose chose chosen

    forget forgot forgotten

    freeze froze frozen

    speak spoke spoken

    wake woke woken

    drive drove driven

    eat ate eaten

    fall fell fallen

    give gave given

    hide hid hidden

    ride rode ridden

    rise rose risen

    take took taken

    mistake mistook mistaken

    write wrote written

    am/is was been

    are were been

    do did done

    go went gone

    lie lay lain

    see saw seen

    wear wore worn

    易错型

    show showed shown

    draw drew drawn

    fall fell fallen

    feel felt felt

    hold held held

    help helped helped

    think thought thought

    thank thanked thanked

    take took taken

    talk talked talked

    get got got

    forget forgot forgotten

    meet met met

    mean meant meant

    hit hit hit

    hide hid hidden

    ring rang rung

    bring brought brought

    eat ate eaten

    beat beat beaten

    lie lay lain

    lay laid laid

    find found found

    found founded founded

    buy bought bought

    bring brought brought

    learn learnt learnt

    hear heard heard

    5.过去式和过去分词有两种形式(以下全是ABB)

    burn burned burned

    burnt burnt

    learn learned learned

    learnt learnt

    smell smelled smelled

    smelt smelt

    spell spelled spelled

    spelt spelt

    shine shined shined

    shone shone

    leap leaped leaped

    leapt leapt

    • 整理动词变单三规则 相关文章: